Unlike her father, however, Antigone possesses a remarkable ability to remember the past. Whereas Oedipus defies Tiresias, the prophet who has helped him so many times, and whereas he seems almost to have forgotten his encounter with Laius at the three-way crossroads, Antigone begins her play by talking about the many griefs that her father handed down to his children. Because of her acute awareness of her own history, Antigone is much more dangerous than Oedipus, especially to Creon. Aware of the kind of fate her family has been allotted, Antigone feels she has nothing to lose.
Yet Sophocles was not content to write tragedies exactly as Aeschylus had done. Tradition reports that Sophocles introduced several innovations in the staging of Greek drama, such as the use of a third actor, scene painting, and a slightly larger chorus. The real contribution of Sophocles, however, was in his approach to plot and character.
The later a Sophoclean tragedy is, the more its plot tends to be focused upon an individual hero. This tendency is quite different from the tragedies of Aeschylus, which usually deal with an entire household or even trace a story over several generations. In Sophocles, the individual hero is always at the core of the story.
Perhaps also for this reason, Sophocles, unlike Aeschylus, did not write connected trilogies but allowed each play in a trilogy to deal with a different character and a different story.
The long passages of monologue, familiar from Aeschylean drama, are now replaced by dialogue. Information that the audience needs to understand the plot is allowed to emerge gradually through conversation between the characters.
Moreover, exchanges between characters with differing points of view—Antigone and Creon, Teucer and Menelaus, Oedipus and Polyneices—are able to provide the audience with insight into the psychological motivation of each individual.
This psychological motivation is frequently the key to another element of Sophoclean tragedy: It is frequently noted that nearly every tragedy by Sophocles hinges upon the fulfillment of an oracle or a prophecy. Yet this does not necessarily mean that Sophocles believed that humanity was a pawn in the hands of the gods.
It is always true that, in Sophoclean tragedy, the destiny of the characters follows logically from their own choices.
The gods may predict human suffering, but they are rarely the primary causes of disaster in these works. Ultimately, however, these same heroic flaws destroy the persons whom they once made great. English translation, Type of work: Antigone, Oidipous Tyrannos c.
That is to say, they were not originally written to be performed on a single occasion. Nevertheless, the Theban plays, as they are called, together tell the complete story of Oedipus from the height of his power as king of Thebes to the execution of his daughter for the burial of his son, Polyneices.
Antigone, although it concerns the last events in the mythic history of this family, was the first of the three plays to be written. In it, certain elements of plot seem to indicate that Sophocles, in this early period of his career, was still imitating the works of his predecessor Aeschylus.
Although Antigone suffers because she violates the law of Creon by burying her brother Polyneices, she would have neglected her religious duty had she left him unburied. Creon suffers because he regards his will as more important than the demands of the gods, although political pressures compelled him to punish the traitor of his city.
Antigone and Creon thus represent the two sides that may be taken toward any issue of great importance. Antigone defends the will of the gods, emphasizing the bond that she has to her family more than that which she has toward the state.
Creon defends the need for law and order in a community, viewing civil law as more important than the will of the The entire section is 2, words.
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The editors provide substantive introductions as well as essential critical and explanatory notes. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes The Oedipus Plays Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Three Theban Plays.
Pillai 1 Rahul Pillai Professor Black English 9 October Sins of the Fathers: Man’s hubris vs. Fate’s intervention in the Theban plays.
The Three Theban Plays - Oedipus the King - Oedipus at Colonus – Antigone by Sophocles Translation by F. Storr To Laius, King of Thebes, an oracle foretold that the child born to him by his queen Jocasta would slay his father and wed his mother.
The Three Theban Plays by Sophocles Words | 4 Pages Even though pride can be a good thing at times, it is hurtful, it is an emotion that can make or break someone. Antigone. Antigone is very much her father’s daughter, and she begins her play with the same swift decisiveness with which Oedipus began his.
Within the first fifty lines, she is planning to defy Creon’s order and bury Polynices.