The oxidation of ethanol essay

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The oxidation of ethanol essay

The oxidation of ethanol essay

The purpose of this experiment is to oxide ethanol a primary alcohol and then to test the product to determine whether it has been oxidised to ethanal an aldehyde: Observations As the sodium dichromate and ethanol solution in the dropping funnel were slowly added to the concentred sulphuric acid in the pear shape flask, the colour of the solution gradually changed from orange to green as more of the dichromate and ethanol was added.

When the sodium dichromate and ethanol solution was added to the concentred sulphuric acid in the pear shape flask, I noticed that it began to bubble and out give out heat. This meant that there was an exothermic reaction between the acidified sodium dichromate and ethanol that caused it to continue boiling on its own.

This was because a carbonyl group was present which meant that ethanal had been produced as the product. When 5 drops of the universal indicator were added to 5 drops of the distillate the colour of the universal indicator turned from green to pale green within the distillate.

This meant that that pH value of the distillate was neutral so no acid group was present within distillate and confirms that the distillate was an aldehyde with no carboxylic acid present. To make the experiment more reliable I also added saturated sodium carbonate solution to test for the presence of an acid group in addition to using universal indicator to test for an acid group.

When it was added no bubbles were produced, normally if sodium carbonate was added to a solution that contained acid you would expect the sodium carbonate to react with the acid producing CO2 gas. The result of this test meant that there was no COOH group present which in turn told me that no ethanoic acid had been produced as the product.

I will wear eye protection throughout the whole experiment, so the likely hood of the any of the irritant or harmful chemicals getting into my eyes and harming them will be low.

But to make certain none will enter my eyes I will still be wearing eye protection. A lot of heat is dissipated during the reaction so the ice in the beaker will cool the temperature down of the reaction.

Furthermore, if all the acid is added to the water at the same time, the temperature would become so great that steam would be produced and acid in a vapour with it, which will be very hazardous as sulphuric acid is very corrosive and will burn your respiratory tract if inhaled.

This will minimise the risk of the ethanal catching alight.

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For that reason once all of the ethanal is collected, it will then be stored in a specimen tube within a fume cupboard. So to minimise contact with the skin I will use a pipette to dispense it into the boiling tube.Jan 01,  · The chemical oxidation method for alcohol determination in wine after microdistillation of the samples is used routinely in many winery laboratories.

However, analysts often experience a number of difficulties with the procedure, including use of the distilling apparatus and indicator endpoint when dichromate is titrated with ferrous ammonium sulfate.

Oxidation of ethanol - Sample Essay For personal protection protective gloves and safety goggles were worn during the experiment. Because of the chemicals used, a window was left open during the experiment in order to assure ventilation.

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Activity of Platinum/Carbon and Palladium/Carbon Catalysts Promoted by Ni 2P in Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells Guoqiang Li, [a] ethanol oxidation reaction.[3] Consequently, efforts are present- FULL PAPERS The Oxidation of Ethanol Essay Words | 3 Pages The Oxidation of Ethanol Ethanol is a primary alcohol and can be oxidized to either an alderhyde or a carboxylic acid.

Patent 7,, Production of hydrogen from alcohols A process for producing hydrogen from ethanol or other alcohols. The alcohol, optionally in combination with water, is contacted with a catalyst comprising rhodium. Platinum-Cobalt Bimetallic Nanoparticles with Pt Skin for Electro-Oxidation of Ethanol Abstract In order to maximize the Pt utilization in catalysts and improve catalytic processes, we report a convenient.

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