History[ edit ] Inquiry-based learning is primarily a pedagogical method, developed during the discovery learning movement of the s as a response to traditional forms of instruction—where people were required to memorize information from instructional materials,  such as direct instruction and rote learning. The philosophy of inquiry based learning finds its antecedents in constructivist learning theories, such as the work of PiagetDeweyVygotskyand Freire among others,    and can be considered a constructivist philosophy.
A User's Guide to Rational Thinking Cut through flawed assumptions and false beliefs — including your own — with these strategies. Our guide to rational thinking is here to help. Irrational thinking stems from cognitive biases that strike us all. Motivated reasoning — our tendency to filter facts to support our pre-existing belief systems — is the standard way we process information, Ditto says.
Spend a few minutes in honest reflection, and chances are you will find a few examples from your own life. Much of our thinking on contentious issues is influenced by our pre-established social or cultural groups, says Dan Kahan, a law professor and science communication researcher at Yale Law School.
Kahan studies cultural cognition — the idea that the way people process information is heavily determined by their deep-seated values and cultural identities.
His research has found that people who score high on measures of science comprehension tend to be more polarized than others on contentious issues.
In one such study, Kahan and his research team surveyed a diverse sample of about 1, American adults regarding their political views. The team asked them to do a calculation designed to test their ability to slow down and do the math, rather than taking gut-reaction shortcuts that can lead to the wrong answer.
The researchers presented the same math problem framed two different ways: They found that the people who scored the best on the nonpolitical math problem fared the worst when the same problem was presented as a politically charged issue.
The better your knowledge of science and the stronger your ability to understand numbers and make sense of data, the more adept you are at fitting the evidence to the position held by your group identity, Kahan says.
Is it possible to overcome these internal biases that sidetrack our thinking? This nonprofit group, based in Berkeley, Calif. The first step toward overcoming bias is to recognize and accept your fallibility, says Julia Galef, president and co-founder of CFAR.
Another trick Galef recommends is the flip — turn your belief around. Consider what it would look like for you to be wrong on this issue. Is any of the evidence compatible with this opposite view? Would you be inclined to believe this opposite argument if it were being promoted by someone from your own political party or social group?
Irrational ones rely on assumptions and involve only the facts that support a chosen side. Here are five hallmarks of irrational arguments. The science is nitpicked to fan doubt: Rather than considering the totality of the evidence, unscientific arguments cherry-pick data, mischaracterize research methods or results, or even make outright false claims.Reading on Lateral Thinking The Subject of "Creativity" Creativity is a messy and confusing subject.
Much of the difficulty arises directly from the words "creative" and "creativity.". I certainly agree with Einstein’s quote. I am currently reading three books. I catch myself reguarly reading more during the day instead of spending some time thinking and meditating and writing . This Is Disciplinary Literacy: Reading, Writing, Thinking, and Doing Content Area by Content Area (Corwin Literacy) [ReLeah Cossett Lent] on initiativeblog.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Think you understand Disciplinary Literacy? Think again. In this important reference. In the digital age, information is more plentiful than ever, but parsing truth from the abundance of competing claims can be daunting.
Whether the subject is Ebola, vaccines or climate change, speculation and conspiracy theories compete with science for the public’s trust.
The authors conclude that reading, writing, and language are best viewed as closely tied to inquiry and meaning-making in different disciplines, and, as such, are best positioned as a set of tools used to support student involvement in .
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