Full text [PDF - KB] - 38 pages Summary There is so far little literature that directly addresses the link between gender in equality and fragility, or gender equality in fragile states. The literature on gender and fragile states tends to focus on conflict and post-conflict reconstruction and not on the gendered dimensions and characteristics of fragile states. A more thorough, gendered understanding of state fragility is needed. It finds that thinking on fragile states and state-building is not engaging with the existing body of work on gender and governance.
Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported. Related Study Guides are: Referencing and bibliographiesAvoiding plagiarismWriting a dissertationWhat is critical reading?
What is Literature review work choices of writing? The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report. What is a literature review?
The ability to review, and to report on relevant literature is a key academic skill. To some extent, particularly with postgraduate research, the literature review can become a project in itself. It is an important showcase of your talents of: The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study.
It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant.
Be wary of saying that your research will solve a problem, or that it will change practice. Why do I need a literature review? When readers come to your assignment, dissertation, or thesis, they will not just assume that your research or analysis is a good idea; they will want to be persuaded that it is relevant and that it was worth doing.
They will ask questions such as: What research question s are you asking? Has anyone else done anything similar? What is already known or understood about this topic? How might your research add to this understanding, or challenge existing theories and beliefs?
These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself. You will also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one.
A critical review It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one. What is critical reading?
This very short statement contains some key concepts, which are examined in the table below. The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals.
PEER INFLUENCE IN RELATION TO ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND SOCIALIZATION AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A LITERATURE REVIEW by Nicole Marie Howard A Research Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Master of Science Degree With a Major in. literature review was undertaken with the aims of understanding why visual methods are chosen for use in research, reviewing any evidence regarding outcomes arising from those choices, and reflecting on the role of visual methods in these outcomes. DRM studies have actually found that people who have higher incomes work more, are subject to more stress and tension, and have less time for passive leisure (Kahneman et al. ). Because when people think about choices in their life, they are more likely to make a global appraisal, they will more likely be vulnerable to focusing effects.
Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources. You need to demonstrate to your reader that you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically. Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written.
Your interpretation of each piece of evidence is just that: Your interpretation may be self-evident to you, but it may not be to everyone else. You need to critique your own interpretation of material, and to present your rationale, so that your reader can follow your thinking.
Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation. It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence.
When to review the literature With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins.
With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. There are three stages at which a review of the literature is needed: This can involve further review with perhaps a slightly different focus from that of your initial review.
This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. You need to be able to demonstrate that you are aware of current issues and research, and to show how your research is relevant within a changing context.
Staff and students in your area can be good sources of ideas about where to look for relevant literature.
They may already have copies of articles that you can work with. If you attend a conference or workshop with a wider group of people, perhaps from other universities, you can take the opportunity to ask other attendees for recommendations of articles or books relevant to your area of research.
Each department or school has assigned to it a specialist Information Librarian. You can find the contact details for the Information Librarian for your own area via the Library web pages.How to Write a Literature Review for College While you’re at college, you may be required to write a literature review.
The common misconception is that this means reading and then writing an opinion about what you have read.
literature about work-life balance, organizational culture and relevant communication theories. The literature review will begin by articulating the study’s theoretical, philosophical, and ethical assumptions. 2 A guide for writing scholarly articles or reviews for the Educational Research Review Introduction Educational Research Review publishes different types of reviews, theoretical articles, research critiques and forum papers. Literature Quotes Quotes tagged as "literature" (showing of 3,) “What really knocks me out is a book that, when you're all done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it.
DRM studies have actually found that people who have higher incomes work more, are subject to more stress and tension, and have less time for passive leisure (Kahneman et al. ). Because when people think about choices in their life, they are more likely to make a global appraisal, they will more likely be vulnerable to focusing effects.
Literature Quotes Quotes tagged as "literature" (showing of 3,) “What really knocks me out is a book that, when you're all done reading it, you wish the author that wrote it was a terrific friend of yours and you could call him up on the phone whenever you felt like it.
Making Strategy Work: A Literature Review on the Factors influencing Strategy Implementation Yang Li 1, Sun Guohui, Martin J.
Eppler2 1 Business School, Implementation is defined as “ the sum total of the activities and choices required. 6 Hybrid perspective. Based on personal observations, comments by students, and the criticisms of thesis assessors, the literature review is often the hardest part of a thesis to write well.
Writing a Literature Review Definition A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic .