Who is the audience?
Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here To write a good essay, you firstly need to have a clear understanding of what the essay question is asking you to do. Understanding the meaning of these directive words is a vital first step in producing your essay.
This glossary provides definitions of some of the more typical words that you may come across in an essay question. Please note that these definitions are meant to provide general, rather than exact guidance, and are not a substitute for reading the question carefully.
Get this wrong, and you risk the chance of writing an essay that lacks focus, or is irrelevant. You are advised to use this glossary in conjunction with the following Study Guides: Writing essays and Thought mapping written by Student Learning Development.
Essay term Definition Analyse Break an issue into its constituent parts.
Look in depth at each part using supporting arguments and evidence for and against as well as how these interrelate to one another. Assess Weigh up to what extent something is true.
Key features of an evaluation essay the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter-arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.
Clarify Literally make something clearer and, where appropriate, simplify it. This could involve, for example, explaining in simpler terms a complex process or theory, or the relationship between two variables. Comment upon Pick out the main points on a subject and give your opinion, reinforcing your point of view using logic and reference to relevant evidence, including any wider reading you have done.
Compare Identify the similarities and differences between two or more phenomena. Say if any of the shared similarities or differences are more important than others. Consider Say what you think and have observed about something.
Back up your comments using appropriate evidence from external sources, or your own experience. Include any views which are contrary to your own and how they relate to what you originally thought.
Contrast Similar to compare but concentrate on the dissimilarities between two or more phenomena, or what sets them apart. Point out any differences which are particularly significant. Critically evaluate Give your verdict as to what extent a statement or findings within a piece of research are true, or to what extent you agree with them.
Provide evidence taken from a wide range of sources which both agree with and contradict an argument. Come to a final conclusion, basing your decision on what you judge to be the most important factors and justify how you have made your choice.
Define To give in precise terms the meaning of something. Bring to attention any problems posed with the definition and different interpretations that may exist.
Demonstrate Show how, with examples to illustrate. Describe Provide a detailed explanation as to how and why something happens. Discuss Essentially this is a written debate where you are using your skill at reasoning, backed up by carefully selected evidence to make a case for and against an argument, or point out the advantages and disadvantages of a given context.
Remember to arrive at a conclusion.
Elaborate To give in more detail, provide more information on. Examine Look in close detail and establish the key facts and important issues surrounding a topic.
This should be a critical evaluation and you should try and offer reasons as to why the facts and issues you have identified are the most important, as well as explain the different ways they could be construed.A profile essay does not have the same structure as a narrative essay or an argumentative essay.
The type of writing for a profile essay is less rigidly structured, and an author can take several different approaches. Here are a few ideas and general guidelines about writing a profile essay. Tone The tone of a profile essay is different than other essays. To write a good essay, you firstly need to have a clear understanding of what the essay question is asking you to do.
Looking at the essay question in close detail will help you to identify the topic and ‘directive words’ (Dhann, ), which instruct you how to answer the question. Key features to the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology.
Print Reference this. Outline two limitations and two strengths of the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology.
It is widely regarded as lending itself to scientific study and evaluation. Does the essay clearly identify relevant criteria for evaluation? Are they appropriate, believable, and consistent?
Are any important features of the reviewed subject omitted? Key features to the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology. Print Reference this. Outline two limitations and two strengths of the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology. It is widely regarded as lending itself .
Thesis: an essay’s main proposition. A thesis should not be confused with a topic, which represents only the subject area of an essay. A good thesis must be arguable; there must be .