When I started in education, I thought teaching meant providing knowledge from textbooks to students. But thanks to working with fellow Microsoft Innovative EducatorsI am energized to do more than provide knowledge.
This is an open access article under the CC BY license http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Many unhealthy behaviors often begin during adolescence and represent major public health challenges. Substance abuse has a major impact on individuals, families, and communities, as its effects are cumulative, contributing to costly social, physical, and mental health problems.
We conducted an overview of systematic reviews to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to prevent substance abuse among adolescents. Mass media campaigns are also effective given that these were of reasonable intensity over extensive periods of time.
Among interventions for alcohol use, school-based alcohol prevention interventions have been associated with reduced frequency of drinking, while family-based interventions have a small but persistent effect on alcohol misuse among adolescents. For drug abuse, school-based interventions based on a combination of social competence and social influence approaches have shown protective effects against drugs and cannabis use.
Among the interventions targeting combined substance abuse, school-based primary prevention programs are effective. Evidence from Internet-based interventions, policy initiatives, and incentives appears to be mixed and needs further research. Future research should focus on evaluating the effectiveness of specific interventions components with standardized intervention and outcome measures.
Various delivery platforms, including digital platforms and policy initiative, have the potential to improve substance abuse outcomes among adolescents; however, these require further research. Adolescent health, Substance abuse, Drug abuse Adolescence is recognized as the period for onset of behaviors and conditions that not only affect health limited to that time but also lead to adulthood disorders.
Unhealthy behaviors such as smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use often begin during adolescence; they are closely related to increased morbidity and mortality and represent major public health challenges.
Unemployment, poor health, accidents, suicide, mental illness, and decreased life expectancy all have drug misuse as a major common contributing factor .
|How Technology is Misused||This page provides an introduction to some of the most common. Faculty members should consult SMU's office of Academic Technology Serviceswhich provides many kinds of support, including hands-on training in using classroom technology.|
Substance abuse has a major impact on individuals, families, and communities as its effects are cumulative, contributing to costly social, physical, and mental health problems .
This culminates in a cycle where these individuals cease to perform as effective members of society and instead are consumed by their addictions . Globally, tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of premature death and most adult smokers initiate smoking in adolescence .
Alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults is increasing globally; however, it is decreasing in most HICs in Europe and North America .
In general, men drink more alcohol than women, but the sex difference is smaller at younger age. Unlike other substances, in many countries, boys and girls show similar prevalence of ever-using cannabis. Efforts should be concerted on early identification, awareness and prevention programs, and routine monitoring of adolescent health data.
Standardized screening tools on identifying adolescents at high risk are available and outlined in the American Academy of Pediatrics and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism publications .
School-based surveys of adolescents monitor a number of these health-related behaviors among adolescents at the country level.
The focus should be targeting modifiable risk factors and enhancing protective factors through family, school, and community prevention programs .
This article is part of a series of reviews conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of potential interventions to improve adolescent health and well-being.
We developed a conceptual framework based on existing conceptual frameworks  and consultations and deliberations with the global experts in the field of adolescent health, and based on the recommendations, we identified a set of interventions to be incorporated in our review process.
The interventions were chosen from the existing work on the basis of proven and potential effectiveness to improve adolescent health outcomes and access to primary health care and commodities for adolescents .
Detailed conceptual framework, methodology, and other potential interventions have been discussed in separate articles .
Our conceptual framework depicts the individual and general risk factors through the life cycle perspective that can have implications at any stage.
However, the focus of this overview is to evaluate potential interventions and delivery platforms targeting adolescent age group only and impact quality of life thereon . We focused on risk factors including risky sexual behaviors, unintended pregnancies, violence, risky driving including speeding and drunk drivingundernutrition, obesity, infections, and mental health risks.
Then we identified a range of potential interventions which could alleviate these risks including sexual and reproductive health interventions, nutrition interventions, infections and immunizations, mental health interventions, substance abuse, and injury prevention interventions.
The conceptual framework shows that implementation of these interventions could yield immediate and direct results, including improving access to sexual health, mental health, and substance abuse services; knowledge of sexually transmitted infections, dietary behavior, and physical activity; immunization uptake; and delivery of suicide preventive services.
Broadly, the conceptual framework classifies outcomes to individual, community, and societal levels, and it illustrates that the immediate and direct impacts could yield improved health, better adult life, and improved work productivity; these individual impacts could lead to gains at the family and immediate community which collectively could help accelerate economic growth and national progress.
In this article, we conducted a comprehensive overview of systematic reviews for the effectiveness of substance abuse interventions for adolescents and various delivery platforms.
Methods We systematically reviewed literature published up to December to identify systematic reviews on interventions for substance abuse in adolescent population. We did not apply any limitations on the start search date or geographical settings.
We considered all available published systematic reviews on interventions for adolescent substance abuse. A broad search strategy was used that included a combination of appropriate keywords, medical subject heading, and free text terms.
Search was conducted in the Cochrane Library and PubMed. The abstracts and the full sources where abstracts are not available were screened by two abstractors to identify systematic reviews adhering to our objectives.Integrating technology is what comes next after making the technology available and accessible.
It is a goal-in-process, not an end state. The goal of perfect technology integration is inherently unreachable: technologies change and develop, students and teachers come and go-things change. "Technology integration is the process of teaching technology (technology education) and another curricular area simultaneously.
In addition, it is the process of using technology to enhance teaching for learning (educational technology).". Positive Impacts of Technology on Children. Help in Education.
The technology has been proven to be useful in education. Children can access the web and get the detailed knowledge about any topic. The growing importance, but increasingly problematic, enrolment in, and status of, science and technology in many countries, provides the obvious background to a growing political concern about science and technology education in schools, higher education, media and the public.
Rogers’ diffusion of innovations theory is the most appropriate for investigating the adoption of technology in higher education and educational environments (Medlin, ; Parisot, ). In fact, much diffusion research. The National Education Technology Plan (NETP) sets a national vision and plan for learning enabled by technology through building on the work of leading education researchers; district, transformative, educators need to have the knowledge and skills to take full.