An introduction to the history of the presidential election of 1856

Edit None of the three candidates took to the stump. Democrats counter-crusaded by warning that a Republican victory would bring civil war. The Republican platform opposed the repeal of the Missouri Compromise through the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the policy of popular sovereignty in deciding whether a state would enter the Union as a free or slave state.

An introduction to the history of the presidential election of 1856

History[ edit ] Article Two of the United States Constitution originally established the method of presidential elections, including the Electoral College.

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This was a result of a compromise between those constitutional framers who wanted the Congress to choose the president, and those who preferred a national popular vote.

With the ratification of the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution inthe District of Columbia is also granted a number of electors, equal to the number of those held by the least populous state. Constitutionally, the manner for choosing electors is determined within each state by its legislature.

During the first presidential election inonly 6 of the 13 original states chose electors by any form of popular vote.

An introduction to the history of the presidential election of 1856

Under the original system established by Article Two, electors could cast two votes to two different candidates for president. The candidate with the highest number of votes provided it was a majority of the electoral votes became the president, and the second-place candidate became the vice president.

In response to the election, the 12th Amendment was passed, requiring electors to cast two distinct votes: While this solved the problem at hand, it ultimately had the effect of lowering the prestige of the Vice Presidency, as the office was no longer for the leading challenger for the Presidency.

Electors chosen this way are pledged to vote for a particular presidential and vice presidential candidate offered by the same political party. So, while the Constitution says that the President and Vice President are chosen separately, in practice they are chosen together.

The 12th Amendment also established rules when no candidate wins a majority vote in the Electoral College. In the presidential election ofAndrew Jackson received a pluralitybut not a majority, of electoral votes cast.

The election was thrown to the House of Representativesand John Quincy Adams was elected to the presidency. A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Claywho had also been a candidate in the election.

Although the nationwide popular vote does not directly determine the winner of a presidential election, it does strongly correlate with who is the victor.

In 52 of the 56 total elections held so far about 93 percentthe winner of the national popular vote has also carried the Electoral College vote. The winners of the nationwide popular vote and the Electoral College vote differ only in close elections. In highly competitive elections, candidates focus on turning out their vote in the contested swing states critical to winning an electoral college majority, so they do not try to maximize their popular vote by real or fraudulent vote increases in one-party areas.

In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes. According to the 12th Amendment in the Constitution, the House of Representatives must choose the president out of the top 3 people in the election. Clay had come fourth, so he threw his support to Adams, who then won.

Charges of a "corrupt bargain" followed Adams through his term. Comparison of the popular vote totals since Republican Democrat All other candidates together Then in,andthe winner of electoral vote lost the popular vote outright.The presidential election of revealed the strength of the new Republican Party What was the result of Preston Brooks's caning of Massachusetts senator Charles Sumner in .

An introduction to the history of the presidential election of 1856

Find out more about the history of Presidential Elections, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Introduction. .

United States presidential election of United States presidential election of , American presidential election held on Nov. 4, , in which Democrat James Buchanan defeated Republican John C. Frémont with electoral votes to Frémont’s Whig and former president Millard Fillmore, who ran on the Know-Nothing ticket, garnered.

Faculty Publications, Department of History History, Department of Introduction to ETHNIC VOTERS AND THE ELECTION OF LINCOLN Frederick C. Luebke University of Nebraska-Lincoln, [email protected] voters in the presidential election of First, it gathers to­.

Aug 21,  · Born of humble origins in New York State, Millard Fillmore () became a lawyer and won election to the U.S. House of Representatives for the first . Through , there have been 58 presidential elections. This page links to the results of those historical elections, including a larger map, results and synopsis of the race.

An interactive version of each map is also available, letting you change history.

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